Weapons of War

Defensive
⁃ Shield
⁃ Targe
⁃ Bowl Helmet
⁃ Leather Armor
⁃ Mail Shirt/Coat
⁃ Scale Mail

Offensive
⁃ Longsword
⁃ Claymore (Great Sword)
⁃ Broadsword
⁃ Dirk
⁃ Spear
⁃ Bow and Arrow
⁃ Sling


Shield
The tall body-shield was roughly a meter long (4-5 ft.). When resting on the ground it would have come up to just above the warrior’s waist. The shield’s shape could be any of a number of variations of an oblong form. The shield board was comprised of solid wood or vertical planks, covered in hide. The hide protected the wood from warping in the rain, and it prevented splintering when struck in battle. Attached to the center of the shield face was the boss. This hollow object provided room for the user to hold the horizontal metal or wooden hand-grip. The boss protected the hand and could be used offensively to punch the enemy. A wooden boss was often covered on the front by an iron plate. A typically all-metal boss was made of iron. It appeared as a hemisphere with circular flange or as an oblong shape with butterfly wing-shaped flange. Shields could also be a round shape similar to the Skaldar shields, though much smaller.

Targe
Targes are generally, but not always, round shields between 18 in and 21 in (45–55 cm) in diameter. The inside of the targe was formed from two very thin layers of flat wooden boards, with the grain of each layer at right angles to the other. They were fixed together with small wooden pegs, forming plywood. The front was covered with a tough cowhide, which was often decorated with embossed patterns. This was fixed to the wood with many brass, or in some cases, silver, nails, and occasionally brass plates were also fixed to the face for strength and decoration. Some targes had center bosses of brass, and a few of these could accept a long steel spike, which screwed into a small “puddle” of lead that was fixed to the wood, under the boss. When not in use, the spike could be unscrewed and placed in a sheath on the back of the targe. The targe was popular among the Highlanders.

Helmet
The helmets crafted by the Lowland Caerbic Smiths were made from several riveted pieces of iron and most had a spectacle style eye guards, cheek guards and a curtain of mail was attached to the back. The Highlanders rarely wore helmets.

Leather Armor
Often crafted in the style of a brigandine; a cloth garment, generally canvas or leather, lined with small oblong steel plates riveted to the fabric.

Mail
Mail is a protective iron fabric made up of thousands of interlocking iron rings. Mail was always made with a 4-in-1 pattern, in which each ring passes through its four nearest neighbors. Mail was usually worn in form of a shirt, usually in a T-shape with three-quarter or half length sleeves. A full mail shirt was expensive and could only be afforded by the most wealthy of warriors. Though curtains of mail were often added to the rear of the helmets.

Scale Mail
Scale mail was popular among the Northern Highlanders. It was crafted of small overlapping plates of horn, bronze, or bone attached to flexible leather or fabric.

Longsword
The Caerbic Long Sword was around three feet in length, with a straight, double-edged iron blade. The Caerbic long sword was primarily a slashing weapon, as the rounded tip was ill-suited for thrusting and stabbing. It did not have a blood groove.

Claymore
The average claymore ran about 140 cm (55 in) in overall length, with a 33 cm (13 in) grip, 107 cm (42 in) blade, and a weight of approximately 5.5 lb (2.5 kg). The Claymore was the primary weapon choice for a clansman. The claymore was a two handed weapon, often wielded with powerful slashing attacks. It is know that a clansman wielding a claymore could easily bring down a horse.

Broadsword
Similar in length to the Longsword, the broadsword sported a broad fuller and a pointed tip suited for thrusting and slashing.

Dirk
A dirk is a long double edged thrusting dagger, popular with the Highlanders.

Sgain
The Sgain is a small single edged knife used for eating and preparing fruit, meat, and cutting bread and cheese.

Spear
A standard battlefield weapon for the Caerbic warrior, the spear or javelin normally comprised an ash wood pole around 2m (6.5ft) in length, fitted with a large iron, leaf-shaped and socketed spearhead.

Bow and Arrow
A longbow is a type of bow that is tall—roughly equal to the height of the person who uses it; this will allow its user a fairly long draw, at least to the jaw. A longbow is not significantly recurved. Its limbs are relatively narrow so that they are circular or D-shaped in cross section. Typically made of yew or elm.

Weapons of War

The Heimurinn Chronicles GalenFiore